Many people struggle in school or at work because of difficulty reading, communicating, writing, comprehending, calculating, reasoning, or recognizing appropriate social cues. One reason for these problems may be a learning disability. People with learning disabilities may experience difficulty keeping up in school or learning new information and job skills. This can hinder performance, cause social isolation, and result in lowered success and self-esteem. Problems in these areas may be noticed by many people including teachers, principals, employers or supervisors, parents or caregivers, friends, or by the patient him/herself. Since there are many options for treatment and assistance available to overcome these difficulties, early identification of these problems can minimize their effects on daily life.
After physical causes of learning problems have been ruled out (e.g., problems with vision or hearing) a Learning Disability evaluation may be warranted. Problems with learning may be due to environmental factors such as distractions or differences between teaching and learning styles, information processing difficulties, a specific learning disability (e.g., dyslexia), problems with attention (e.g., ADHD), head injuries, or a multitude of other neurological factors. A comprehensive learning disability evaluation will assess all of these areas.
Another area of educational assessment is educational accommodation assessment. These types of assessment are utilized when accommodations may be needed for standardized testing (SAT, ACT, LSAT, GRE, MCAT, etc.). Whether a student may need more time on a standardized test or other allowances, an educational accommodation assessment provides an objective means to support the allowances.
Why Choose a Neuropsychologist to Assess Learning Disability (LD)?
Neuropsychologists are specially trained to understand and evaluate the relationships between cognitive functioning, behavior, and psychological functioning. They are also knowledgeable about other disorders that may contribute to difficulty learning. A neuropsychological assessment is sensitive enough to detect subtle differences between many disabilities, allowing for clarification of the nature of any cognitive problems underlying LD, consistent with the 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
What Are Some Reasons For Referring To A Neuropsychologist?
– To confirm a diagnosis of a learning disability or identify other factors related to learning problems
– To understand the underlying cognitive reasons for a student’s learning difficulty
– To explain the declining achievement of a previously successful student
– To evaluate the effectiveness or response to interventions
– To obtain recommendations regarding how to accommodate the learning disability or other problems
How Can Neuropsychological Evaluation Help With Work Or School?
Students who are properly diagnosed by qualified professionals can be eligible for accommodations such as extended time for testing and alternative examination formats. A neuropsychological examination can offer specific recommendations to employers, vocational counselors, educators, and consultants, who can help the individual adapt to the work or school setting.